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29 October, 2014

291014 PUDI report

Regular reports on the growing Poverty, Unemployment, Debt and Inequality of the neo-capitalist world

Global:

The number of children entering into poverty during the recession is 2.6 million higher than the number that have been able to escape from it since 2008 (6.6 million, as against 4 million). Around 76.5 million children live in poverty in the 41 most affluent countries.”

The United States and Australia have had the largest increases in the NEET [young people not in education, employment or training] rate across non-EU OECD countries.”

Beyond income and employment levels, the recession has affected a number of other important dimensions of people’s lives. From 2007 to 2013, feelings of insecurity and stress rose in 18 of the 41 countries, according to measurable self-perception indicators (including access to food and satisfaction with life). The recession’s impact on personal experiences and perceptions is not yet over, and many indicators have even worsened in the most recent years.”

Those countries most affected by the recession have seen a steady deterioration in the situation of families, mostly from job losses, underemployment and cuts to public services.”

The median income in households with children has decreased in almost half of the countries with available data. The number of families stating that their situation is ‘very difficult’ has risen in most countries. Having a child or children in a household increases the risk of ‘working poverty’ (working, but below the poverty line) from 7 per cent to 11 per cent.”

Inability to cope with unexpected financial expenses has increased by almost 60 per cent, on average, in households with children in the 12 most affected countries.”

Children by the millions were immediately and directly affected by the recession (more than other vulnerable groups, such as the elderly), and many will suffer the consequences for life. And the impact certainly has not been spread evenly across all children in all countries.”

Those worst affected are countries that were most exposed to the recession and young age groups (15–19 and 20–24). Such impacts magnify the disadvantages of persistent poverty and reduce educational and professional achievement potential. Failure to respond boldly may have long-term negative implications for societies.”

It may be years before many households get back to pre-recession levels of well-being. High unemployment and fiscal restraint will remain the norm for the foreseeable future in many countries.”

Europe:

The recession has hit young people extremely hard, with the NEET rate rising dramatically in many countries. In the EU, 7.5 million young people (almost the population of Switzerland) were NEET in 2013 – nearly a million more than in 2008.”

Since 2008, the percentage of households with children that are unable to afford meat, chicken or fish every second day has more than doubled in Estonia, Greece and Italy.”

Some 1.6 million more children were living in severe material deprivation in 2012 (11.1 million) than in 2008 (9.5 million) in 30 European countries. The longer these children remain trapped in the cycle of poverty, the harder it will be for them to escape.”

... years of potential progress have been lost in the recession. In Greece, families with children lost the equivalent of 14 years of income progress. Ireland, Luxembourg and Spain lost 10 years; Iceland lost 9, and Italy, Hungary and Portugal lost 8. The situation is probably worse for children in families at the lowest income levels.”

Spain:

The number of people living in poverty in Spain has risen by 4.4 million since the country was battered by an economic crisis to reach 11.7 million, or one in four, a leading Catholic charity said Tuesday.”

The proportion of people living in social exclusion stood at 25.1 percent in mid-2013, up from 16.3 percent in 2007, a year before a decade-long housing bubble collapsed sending the economy into a tailspin, Caritas said in a massive 700-page report.”

Of the 11.7 million people who live in social exclusion, 77.1 percent do not have a job and 61.7 percent struggle to keep a roof over their heads.”

Some half a million Spanish households have no source of income, according to Caritas. The charity said the economic downturn has hit immigrants, especially those from outside the European Union, especially hard. More than half of all foreigners from outside the European Union, 52.6 percent, lived in social exclusion in mid-2013 compared with 20.6 percent of all Spaniards.”

Sources:



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